Marcin Niemiec, Salvatore Marco Pappalardo, Maya Bozhilova, Nikolai Stoianov, Andrzej Dziech, Burkhard Stiller

Published in

Dziech, A., Mees, W., Niemiec, M. (eds) Multimedia Communications, Services and Security. MCSS 2022. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1689. Springer, Cham.


cybersecurity, threats, risk assessment, challenges and opportunities

Open Access



This paper describes an approach to analyse transversal and inter-sectoral cybersecurity challenges and opportunities: dedicated risk assessment and management framework, which can be used to develop cybersecurity technology roadmaps. This multi-sector assessment framework is able to prioritise and evaluate cybersecurity risks in trans-sectoral and inter-sectoral contexts as well as supports proper resource allocations and mitigation actions. To achieve this goal, the analysis of known risk management and risk assessment frameworks was performed, and results are presented in this paper. Also, an overview on transversal, inter-sectoral and multi-sectoral technological challenges and opportunities is provided. The result of this analysis is an architecture of the ECHO Multi-sector Assessment Framework, which was described in detail, including identified and analysed transversal aspects, multi-sector dependencies, and technological challenges and opportunities determine the input data for the framework. This solution is applicable in many sectors, such as energy, healthcare, maritime transportation, or defence, however it can also be extended to others. The architecture of the framework proposed supports the design of cybersecurity technology roadmap and the definition of governance models.